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Routing

Route Path

Routing in ConnexCS Cloudswitch occurs in the following stages:

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  1. An incoming call is identified as a customer, and is verified by source IP or User/Pass Authentication
  2. Ingress Routing checks for prefixes, then against available rate cards. There can be multiple ingress routes per customer.
  3. A Customer Rate Card is built from carriers above it, so the call can be presented to any carrier who is the parent of the customer rate card.
  4. The Carriers Rate Card links into the specific carrier.
  5. The selected carrier can have multiple IP addresses. The call will be sent randomly, but carrier CPS and Channel limits will be obeyed.

Routing and Rate Cards

A rate card in ConnexCS represents a call path. If the rate card is incoming, it identifies the carrier providing that rate card. The customer rate identifies which carrier rate cards are used in its construction.

Routing Engine

The Routing Engine receives all calls when they enter the system then processes them based on the direction the call is flowing.

Ingress and Egress

These terms are used to describe the direction or traffic relative to a switch.

  • Ingress refers to inbound calls.
  • Egress refers to outbound calls.

Ex: When you add a customer's switch that will send traffic to terminate with a carrier, the customer's switch would be considered Egress as it is sending calls out. Ex: When a customer's switch has a DID pointing to it, it would be considered Ingress as traffic is coming into the switch.

Ingress Routing vs Egress Routing

A call bound for termination comes into the routing engine, passes authorisation, then goes through Ingress Routing. This determines the call profile and where to send it. There is no Egress Routing section, per se. The Egress routing is built into the Customer Rate Card which contains 1 or more carriers and, optionally, a routing strategy (default LCR).

Error Codes

If your SIP Trace shows that an INVITE packet was received by the switch but not sent out to any providers, the failure has occurred in the Ingress Routing.

SIP Code SIP Reason Details
403 IP Not Authorised The IP Address does not match any account in the system.
500 Unidentified Internal Switch This is an internal error; you should never see this. If you do please contact us.
500 Server not accepting calls (Paused) Your account with ConnexCS has been disabled or your server has been disabled.
503 Unknown User Username & Passwords do not match to any known user account.
503 Unable to perform LRN You have selected LRN dipping for this route, however it is likely that you don't have credit with us.
503 LCR Unavailable The system is unable to perform a LCR lookup.
503 Blocked by Dialplan The prefix/number is not matched by the allowed dial plan.
503 No Routes Available (Pre) There is no rate card rule to allow the call to progress.
503 No Routes Available (U) No routes are available either due to: Lock, Profit Assurance, Routing Strategy or ScriptForge.
503 No Routes Available (Lock) Locking your Ingress routing has left no routing options.
503 No Routes Available (Profit Assurance) Profit Assurance has left no routing options.
503 Dropping Call (Strategy) Strategic Routing has dropped the call.
503 Internal Strategic Routing Error There is an error with the config of Strategic Routing.
580 No Route Available The number dialled does not match any ingress routing profile.
580 Switch IP Variable Not Provided This is an internal error; you should never see this. If you do please contact us.
580 To (oU) User Missing This is an internal error; you should never see this. If you do please contact us.
580 To (fU) User Missing This is an internal error; you should never see this. If you do please contact us.

End Point synchronisation

When making changes, although we try to synchronise all endpoints as fast as possible, as this is a distributed system it can take up to 60 seconds for any changes to take effect.